INTRODUCTION TO LED LIGHTING:
LED lighting is now the premiere answer for residential and industrial lighting desires. Due to large investment over current years (Philips has spent over $5 billion at the LED market), LED era has matured to some extent where LED bulbs (or ‘lamps’ as they may be frequently known as) deliver a sincerely equivalent light output to standard incandescent, halogen, or compact fluorescent lamps.
Today’s LED lamps or tubes are strong, durable, and include no filaments; there may be no hazard of shattering, breakages, or mercury infection. Many of the market leading LED street luminaires lamps have rated lives of up to 50,000 hours (50x longer than a popular incandescent mild bulb) and eat up to 90% less electricity than conventional lamps. The exceptional manner to apprehend the benefits of LED lighting is to do a price of possession calculation: calculate the power saving and the charges avoided from not having to replace blown bulbs over the life of the lamp (over 10 years in lots of cases).
Of direction, another sturdy argument for switching to LED lamps is due to the fact it is outstanding for the environment. LED lamps consume as much as 90% much less electricity this means that CO2 emissions get reduce through up to 90%. So, you could decrease your carbon footprint at the equal time as slashing your electricity bills!
LED lamp manufacturers have made it easier than ever to exchange to LED lighting, via designing LED lamps with the same light output, dimensions, and cap bases as conventional lamps. This makes retrofitting a breeze. In maximum instances, LED lamps will slot at once into present furniture and fittings, and plenty of provide similar dimming functionality. Customers can pick out the color temperature (e.G. Heat white, cool white) and beam angle they opt to in shape their existing set up.
Designers have also centered on LED lamp aesthetics to make sure they appearance as properly because the conventional lamps they replace. This is especially essential for candle or globe bulbs in chandeliers or luminaires, wherein ornamental impact is crucial. Indeed, Philips has drawn upon inputs from chandelier makers, and intentionally designed their candle lamps to enhance the cultured enchantment of the chandelier not most effective when lit but also whilst no longer, with classical narrow form and specific appealing lens. Quality LED lamps deliver glowing heat light with large strength savings and upkeep price discounts.
You may say that compact fluorescents (‘CFLs’) are a good sufficient alternative. Let’s take a glance: overall fee of possession of CFLs is bad, light nice is harsh (and carries dangerous UV radiation), they are bulky (some say unpleasant!), most are not dimmable, power efficiency is average, and the massive problem is that CFLs comprise poisonous mercury vapor and are therefore dangerous waste. LEDs will quickly overtake low strength CFL lamps because the lighting of choice.
The UK Energy Saving Trust advises that if all people there modified their lighting fixtures to LED in which viable, we would be capable of shop enough energy to light 5 million homes! It’s clean to look that LED lamps are the future of lighting.
LED RETROFIT REPLACEMENT STRATEGIES:
Adhoc: you can plan to update conventional lamps as and when they blow. This approach is simple and effective, and minimises capital outlay. However, it’s far greater costly in the long term, due to the fact you’re delaying the cost of possession financial savings for lamps no longer but changed, and cannot take gain of any extent reductions whilst buying LED lamps or fittings.
Phased: if capital value constraints mean you need to update lamps in phases, then its first-class to prioritise your lamp stock, primarily based on a ranking of the way lengthy they are switched on. Hospitality commercial enterprise proprietors will in all likelihood have lots of halogens that are on almost all the time in stairwells, corridors, and lobbies. It’s essential that those are replaced first, because this will supply the largest gain. Homeowners may additionally find it easiest to adopt a room through room method, starting off with fantastically used kitchens and residing rooms.
Full retrofit: this approach is the most capital extensive however yields the finest returns financially, environmentally, and functionally. For big retrofits (usually >two hundred lamps), lease financing options are to be had for electricity efficient lighting projects (e.G. Inside the UK, the Carbon Trust makes funding to be had thru its associate Siemens Financial Services). What makes this compelling is that the LED energy fee financial savings are regularly sufficient to cowl the finance payments, so it will become a brilliant fee neutral method. The rent time period will normally be 3 or 4 years, after which time, the patron owns the lamps and fittings. In the intervening time, the monthly hire prices definitely receives a commission for out of the power cost savings.
Lamps are both low voltage (LV = 12V) or mains voltage (MV = 230-240V inside the UK). Most best LED lamps also are dimmable, and will work on most people of dimming systems, making for a simple swap-out retrofit.
Medium Voltage Lamps:
Lamps with the subsequent bases (or sockets) commonly run immediately at mains voltage, 230-240V AC (UK):
– SES, E14 and E27 refers to type of screw socket. SES stands for Small Edison Screw, that is similar to an E14 socket (i.E. Base diameter or 14mm), that’s typically found on chandelier kind fittings. E27 sockets are Medium Edison Screw, with a base diameter of 27mm, and are usually observed on table lamps, GLS pendants or PAR furniture.
– B15 and B22 refers to form of bayonet socket. B15 sockets (i.E. Base diameter or 15mm) are generally found on chandelier type fittings. B22 sockets, with a base diameter of 22mm, and are typically located on table lamps or GLS pendants.
– GX53 and GU10 bases
Low Voltage Lamps:
Low voltage lamp furniture (sockets) will normally be linked to a transformer (or Driver) to reduce the mains voltage to 12V DC. Fortunately, you do not want to the touch the transformer while doing a lamp retrofit – quality 12V LED lamps are like minded with maximum halogen transformers making for a easy retrofit. The variety of lamps that can be used on a transformer is dependent on the full wattage of the lamps, which ought to be less than that of the full wattage ability of the transformer.
Lamps with the subsequent bases run at low voltage, 12V DC:
– GU5.3 base: usually utilized by MR16 lamps
– GU4 base: usually utilized by MR11 lamps or pills
– G53 base: typically utilized by AR111 lamps
Lamps and tubes are normally available in a ramification of coloration temperatures: the better the shade temperature, the cooler the impression of the white mild will become. Daylight has a very high shade temperature (over 5,500K). LED lamps commonly variety from 2,700K to 4,200K. LED tubes generally variety from four,000K to six,500K.
Colour temperature choice can depend on the type of mood or ecosystem you pick for your space:
2,700K = warm white (yellow white incandescent-like tone): suitable for residential or hospitality areas where a greater intimate feel is needed
3,000K = impartial white (crisper white tones)
four,000K+ = cool white (bluer white tones)
6,500K = daylight hours: suitable for fluorescent tube replacement in utilitarian areas
LED lamps are commonly compromised of single or more than one light emitting diodes on a chip. The light is dispersed in a way that mimics traditional incandescent or halogen mild assets the use of complex lenses. LED downlights (or spots) typically include a ramification of beam angle alternatives to imitate the light dispersion from halogen reflectors. Selection of beam perspective relies upon on software and ceiling peak. Narrow beams tend to be hired for accent, product, or show lights, or wherein ceilings are high and the beam has greater room to disperse. Wide beams tend to be hired for general distributed room lighting, or wherein ceilings are low and the beam has much less room to disperse.
Beam angles range from 15 tiers to 60 stages, but alternatives are lamp version dependant. Living spaces commonly benefit from beam angles of 24 tiers and upwards.